Conduit Passage is a cul-de-sac off Conduit Place, a Mews Style street in Westminster. The Mews contains 4 properties, all on one side of the street whilst the rear of businesses are present on the opposite side. It is located on the site of an original Mews but has been re-developed to a degree that it no longer contains any surviving Mews properties.
Between 1940 and 1941, several high explosive bombs are recorded falling onto Spring Street and Conduit Place, very close to Conduit Passage meaning many of the properties had to be rebuilt. The area was regarded as having comfortable living conditions when the London Poverty Maps were originally published.
Conduit Passage is part of Westminster City Council’s Bayswater Conservation Area. Developed over the space of about 70 years, the townscape is uniform despite being composed of several distinct areas and is made up of a regular composition of streets and squares in an Italianate style. An important aspect of the street pattern are the several mews, some quite intimate and others so large that they appear to be a development of their own. The contrast of scale provided by these mews is a crucial aspect of the overall area’s character.
The original name for Conduit Passage and Spring Street derive from an ancient stone-built conduit house on what is now Craven Hill, from where the water-supply was conveyed by pipes underground into the City until about 1820 when this particular house no longer remained standing.
The Mews contains two and three storey, plain brickwork properties along one side, with roofs hidden behind parapet walls and a tarmacadam road surface.
The original purpose of the Mews was to provide stable/ coach house accommodation for the main properties in Spring Street and Talbot Square, but now the usage of the buildings is primarily residential.
Since 2003 there have been a few planning applications made to the properties, such as tree pruning, roof extensions and alterations to the fenestration. In 1987, two of the properties were demolished and rebuilt. Conservation Area controls now apply to any new development in the Mews.